ZIKA

ZIKA is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). These mosquitoes are aggressive daytime biters. They can also bite at night. There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika.

TRANSMISSION
Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects.

Zika

 

 

 

 

 

 

SYMPTOMS

Many people infected with Zika virus won’t have symptoms or will only have mild symptoms. The most common symptoms are:

Zika2

Symptoms can last for several days to a week. People usually don’t get sick    enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. Once a person  has been infected with Zika, they are likely to be protected from future  infections.

 

 

 

 

 

DIAGNOSIS
Infection with Zika virus may be suspected based on symptoms and recent history of travel (e.g. residence in or travel to an area with active Zika virus transmission). A diagnosis of Zika virus infection can only be confirmed through laboratory tests on blood or other body fluids, such as urine, saliva or semen. The Zika virus testing centers in the country are in place such as the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM) in Alabang, Muntinlupa City, and six other DOH-retained hospitals.

TREATMENT
Zika virus disease is usually mild and requires no specific treatment. People sick with Zika virus should get plenty of rest, drink enough fluids, and treat pain and fever with common medicines. If symptoms worsen, they should seek medical care and advice. There is currently no vaccine available.

PREVENTION
There is no vaccine to prevent Zika. The best way to prevent diseases spread by mosquitoes is to protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites. The following are the recommendations for prevention:

1. Insect repellent
– Use insect repellants with one of the following active ingredients: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, or oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol.
– Always follow the product label instructions.
– When used as directed, these insect repellents are proven safe and effective even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
– Do not use insect repellents on babies younger than 2 months old.
– Do not use products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol on children younger than 3 years old.

2. Clothing
– Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
– Treat your clothing and gear with permethrin or buy pre-treated items.

3. At Home
– Stay in places with air conditioning and window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
– Take steps to control mosquitoes inside and outside your home.
– Mosquito netting can be used to cover babies younger than 2 months old in carriers, strollers, or cribs.
– Sleep under a mosquito bed net if air conditioned or screened rooms are not available or if sleeping outdoors.

4. Sexual transmission
– Prevent sexual transmission of Zika by using condoms or not having sex.

5. Travel
– Pregnant women should consult with their health care provider and, if they decide to travel, strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites.
– As of mid-2016, a widespread epidemic of Zika fever, caused by the virus, is ongoing in the Americas and the Pacific. The outbreak began in early 2015 in Brazil, then spread to other parts of South and North America; it is also affecting several islands in the Pacific.
– Travel notices have not been issued for these destinations but would be considered if the number of cases rises to the level of an outbreak.

References:
www.who.gov
www.cdc.gov
www.webmd.com
www.mayoclinic.org
www.bbc.com/news/health
http://www.sunstar.com.ph/