RABIES FAQ

What is rabies? Rabies is a disease that is transmitted to humans from domestic and wild animals that is caused by a virus. How is rabies transmitted? Transmission of rabies virus usually begins when infected saliva of a host is passed to an uninfected animal. The most common mode of rabies virus transmission is through the bite and virus-containing saliva of an infected host. What are the...

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OVERWEIGHT & OBESITY QUESTIONS ANSWERED II

WHAT CAUSES OBESITY AND OVERWEIGHT? The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. In obese or overweight people, there is usually an increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat, salt and sugars but low in vitamins, minerals and other micronutrients; and a decrease in physical activity due to the...

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OVERWEIGHT & OBESITY QUESTIONS ANSWERED I

WHAT ARE OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY? Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. HOW DO I KNOW IF I AM OVERWEIGHT OR OBESE? Overweight and obesity in adults are commonly determined using the Body mass index (BMI), a simple index of weight-for-height. It is defined as a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in...

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EPILEPSY: MYTH VS. FACT

September 2 to 9 is National Epilepsy Awareness Week. Here are some myths about epilepsy, and the real facts behind this condition. Myth: Epilepsy is caused by insanity or demonic possession. Fact: Epilepsy is a brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. In epilepsy, the normal pattern of electrical activity in the brain becomes disturbed, causing strange sensations, emotions, and...

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PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS FAQ

August is National Tuberculosis Awareness Month on the annual calendar of the Department of Health, and here are answers to some commonly asked questions regarding pulmonary tuberculosis: WHAT IS TB? Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine,...

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FLOODING & DISEASE

Floods can potentially increase the transmission of many communicable diseases, and pose other health risks as well. WATER BORNE DISEASES. Flooding is associated with an increased risk of infection of the following water-borne diseases: Leptospirosis. This disease can be transmitted through contact of the skin and mucous membranes with water, damp soil, or mud that is contaminated with rodent...

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