COUGH & COLDS

A cough and a sneeze is a defensive reflex of the body that functions to keep the airways clear of irritating or obstructing substances so that breathing and the intake of oxygen is effective. It occurs in a wide variety of mild to serious diseases, disorders and conditions. DEFINITION A cough is the body’s way of responding when something irritates your throat or airways. An irritant...

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HYPERTENSION

Hypertension is considered as the biggest single risk factor for deaths worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), hypertension causes 7 million deaths every year while 1.5 billion people suffer due to its complications. According to the Philippine Society of Hypertension (PSH) in 2012, 21 percent of Filipino adults are hypertensive.  Hypertension is defined as physiologic...

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ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS

Acute Gastroenteritis is diarrhea or vomiting, or both, of more than several episodes or days duration.   FACTS: – Viral gastroenteritis is a leading cause of severe diarrhea in both adults and children. – Many types of viruses can cause gastroenteritis. Rotavirus is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide in children and vaccination will have a major impact on...

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ZIKA

ZIKA is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). These mosquitoes are aggressive daytime biters. They can also bite at night. There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika. TRANSMISSION Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects.            ...

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TUBERCULOSIS

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by slow-growing bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, that grow best in areas of the body that have lots of blood and oxygen. – contagious and airborne – most often found in the lungs, called pulmonary TB, but TB can also spread to other parts of the body, which is called extra pulmonary TB. – mortality has fallen 47% since 1990 –...

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INFLUENZA

What is Flu? Influenza is an contagious acute viral respiratory infection that affects mucous membranes of the nose, mouth and eyes. Influenza circulates worldwide and can affect anybody in any age group. Influenza is a serious public health problem that causes severe illnesses and deaths for higher risk populations. Symptoms of Flu – fever (often high 38-40˚C) – headache –...

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