WORLD NO TOBACCO DAY – MAY 31

World No Tobacco Day 2018 will highlight the impact of tobacco on the cardiovascular health of people across the globe. Tobacco use is a significant risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease. Check out this health bulletin to learn...

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RABIES

Rabies is a human infection that occurs after a bite or scratch by an infected animal, like dogs and cats. It can be transmitted when infectious material, usually saliva, comes into direct contact with a victim’s fresh skin lesions. Rabies is 100% fatal but 100% preventable. Check out this health bulletin to learn...

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RESPIRATORY HYGIENE IN WORKPLACES

Tips on how you can make your office and co-workers “safe” from spread of...

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JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a potentially severe disease. It is a mosquito-borne viral infection which is common in agricultural areas. Check out this health bulletin to learn...

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OBESITY

November is Diabetes Awareness Month Obesity is considered a risk factor for this condition. Check out this health bulletin to learn...

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COUGH & COLDS

A cough and a sneeze is a defensive reflex of the body that functions to keep the airways clear of irritating or obstructing substances so that breathing and the intake of oxygen is effective. It occurs in a wide variety of mild to serious diseases, disorders and conditions. DEFINITION A cough is the body’s way of responding when something irritates your throat or airways. An irritant stimulates nerves that send a message to your brain. The brain then tells muscles in your chest and abdomen to push air out of your lungs to force out the irritant. A cold is a mild viral infection of the nose, throat, sinuses and upper airways. It’s very common and usually clears up on its own within a week or two. The main symptoms of a cold include: • a sore throat • a blocked or runny nose • sneezing • a cough CAUSES Common acute causes — 1. Common Cold 2. Influenza (flu) 3. Inhaling an irritant 4. Strained or pulled abdominal muscle 5. Whooping Cough Common chronic causes — 1. Allergies 2. Asthma (most common in children) 3. Bronchitis 4. GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) SYMPTOMS Other than the cough and cold, other associated symptoms can be: • Sore throat • Nasal congestion • Slight body aches • Mild headache • Sneezing • Low-grade fever • Watery or mucoid nasal discharge DIAGNOSIS Most people with a common cold can be diagnosed by their signs and symptoms. If your doctor suspects you have a bacterial infection or other condition, he or she may order a chest X-ray or other tests to exclude other causes of your symptoms. The distinction between Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Infections is also important. When to see a doctor For adults — seek medical attention if you have: • Fever greater than 38.5 C (101.3 F) • Fever lasting five days or more or returning after a fever-free period • Shortness of breath • Wheezing • Severe sore throat, headache or sinus pain For children — in general, your child doesn’t need to see the doctor for a common cold. But seek medical attention right away if your child has any of the following: • Fever of 38 C (100.4 F) in newborns up to 12 weeks • Rising fever or fever lasting more than two days in a child of any age • Symptoms that worsen or...

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